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Groups search result 2 for mode 13h without using bios

Search Result 2
From: Jonas Berlin (jberlin@cc.hut.fi)
Subject: Switching VGA modes without BIOS...
Newsgroups: alt.os.development
View: (This is the only article in this thread) | Original Format
Date: 1998/08/28
Kyle wrote:

> I am trying to work up to being able to set vga modes (or at 
> least 13h and 03h) without BIOS, and it seems that your cool 
> sounding OS is able to do this. If you feel charitable, and feel 
> like sending me some code that would set 13h or 03h or give me a 
> pointer to where to get info for this, I would be grateful.

Yeah, it's not all that hard. Right now, I have done it by writing
different tables for the different resolutions, but I plan on
someday doing an version that could put up any mode you'll ever want
(within VGA limits, that is). Right now, you'll have to be satisfied
with "only" 55 different combinartions. And sorry, I don't have the
stuff for jumping back to text mode right now, but perhaps you can
do without ?

Feel free to copy this wherever you want as long as you include my
contact information

---------------------------------------------------------------

//
// vga mode switcher by Jonas Berlin -98 <jberlin@cc.hut.fi>
//


typedef char byte;
typedef unsigned short word;
typedef unsigned long dword;

#define SZ(x) (sizeof(x)/sizeof(x[0]))


// misc out (3c2h) value for various modes

#define R_COM  0x63 // "common" bits

#define R_W256 0x00
#define R_W320 0x00
#define R_W360 0x04
#define R_W376 0x04
#define R_W400 0x04

#define R_H200 0x00
#define R_H224 0x80
#define R_H240 0x80
#define R_H256 0x80
#define R_H270 0x80
#define R_H300 0x80
#define R_H360 0x00
#define R_H400 0x00
#define R_H480 0x80
#define R_H564 0x80
#define R_H600 0x80


static const byte hor_regs [] = { 0x0,  0x1,  0x2,  0x3,  0x4, 
0x5,  0x13 };

static const byte width_256[] = { 0x5f, 0x3f, 0x40, 0x82, 0x4a,
0x9a, 0x20 };
static const byte width_320[] = { 0x5f, 0x4f, 0x50, 0x82, 0x54,
0x80, 0x28 };
static const byte width_360[] = { 0x6b, 0x59, 0x5a, 0x8e, 0x5e,
0x8a, 0x2d };
static const byte width_376[] = { 0x6e, 0x5d, 0x5e, 0x91, 0x62,
0x8f, 0x2f };
static const byte width_400[] = { 0x70, 0x63, 0x64, 0x92, 0x65,
0x82, 0x32 };

static const byte ver_regs  [] = { 0x6,  0x7,  0x9,  0x10, 0x11,
0x12, 0x15, 0x16 };

static const byte height_200[] = { 0xbf, 0x1f, 0x41, 0x9c, 0x8e,
0x8f, 0x96, 0xb9 };
static const byte height_224[] = { 0x0b, 0x3e, 0x41, 0xda, 0x9c,
0xbf, 0xc7, 0x04 };
static const byte height_240[] = { 0x0d, 0x3e, 0x41, 0xea, 0xac,
0xdf, 0xe7, 0x06 };
static const byte height_256[] = { 0x23, 0xb2, 0x61, 0x0a, 0xac,
0xff, 0x07, 0x1a };
static const byte height_270[] = { 0x30, 0xf0, 0x61, 0x20, 0xa9,
0x1b, 0x1f, 0x2f };
static const byte height_300[] = { 0x70, 0xf0, 0x61, 0x5b, 0x8c,
0x57, 0x58, 0x70 };
static const byte height_360[] = { 0xbf, 0x1f, 0x40, 0x88, 0x85,
0x67, 0x6d, 0xba };
static const byte height_400[] = { 0xbf, 0x1f, 0x40, 0x9c, 0x8e,
0x8f, 0x96, 0xb9 };
static const byte height_480[] = { 0x0d, 0x3e, 0x40, 0xea, 0xac,
0xdf, 0xe7, 0x06 };
static const byte height_564[] = { 0x62, 0xf0, 0x60, 0x37, 0x89,
0x33, 0x3c, 0x5c };
static const byte height_600[] = { 0x70, 0xf0, 0x60, 0x5b, 0x8c,
0x57, 0x58, 0x70 };

// the chain4 parameter should be 1 for normal 13h-type mode, but //
only allows 320x200 256x200, 256x240 and 256x256 because you
// can only access the first 64kb

// if chain4 is 0, then plane mode is used (tweaked modes), and
// you'll need to switch planes to access the whole screen but
// that allows you using any resolution, up to 400x600

int init_graph_vga(int width, int height,int chain4) 
  // returns 1=ok, 0=fail
{
   const byte *w,*h;
   byte val;
   int a;

   switch(width) {
      case 256: w=width_256; val=R_COM+R_W256; break;
      case 320: w=width_320; val=R_COM+R_W320; break;
      case 360: w=width_360; val=R_COM+R_W360; break;
      case 376: w=width_376; val=R_COM+R_W376; break;
      case 400: w=width_400; val=R_COM+R_W400; break;
      default: return 0; // fail
   }
   switch(height) {
      case 200: h=height_200; val|=R_H200; break;
      case 224: h=height_224; val|=R_H224; break;
      case 240: h=height_240; val|=R_H240; break;
      case 256: h=height_256; val|=R_H256; break;
      case 270: h=height_270; val|=R_H270; break;
      case 300: h=height_300; val|=R_H300; break;
      case 360: h=height_360; val|=R_H360; break;
      case 400: h=height_400; val|=R_H400; break;
      case 480: h=height_480; val|=R_H480; break;
      case 564: h=height_564; val|=R_H564; break;
      case 600: h=height_600; val|=R_H600; break;
      default: return 0; // fail
   }

   // chain4 not available if mode takes over 64k

   if(chain4 && (long)width*(long)height>65536L) return 0; 

   // here goes the actual modeswitch

   outp(0x3c2,val);
   outpw(0x3d4,0x0e11); // enable regs 0-7

   for(a=0;a<SZ(hor_regs);++a) 
      outpw(0x3d4,(word)((w[a]<<8)+hor_regs[a]));
   for(a=0;a<SZ(ver_regs);++a)
      outpw(0x3d4,(word)((h[a]<<8)+ver_regs[a]));

   outpw(0x3d4,0x0008); // vert.panning = 0

   if(chain4) {
      outpw(0x3d4,0x4014);
      outpw(0x3d4,0xa317);
      outpw(0x3c4,0x0e04);
   } else {
      outpw(0x3d4,0x0014);
      outpw(0x3d4,0xe317);
      outpw(0x3c4,0x0604);
   }

   outpw(0x3c4,0x0101);
   outpw(0x3c4,0x0f02); // enable writing to all planes
   outpw(0x3ce,0x4005); // 256color mode
   outpw(0x3ce,0x0506); // graph mode & A000-AFFF

   inp(0x3da);
   outp(0x3c0,0x30); outp(0x3c0,0x41);
   outp(0x3c0,0x33); outp(0x3c0,0x00);

   for(a=0;a<16;a++) {    // ega pal
      outp(0x3c0,(byte)a); 
      outp(0x3c0,(byte)a); 
   } 
   
   outp(0x3c0, 0x20); // enable video

   return 1;
}

----------------------------------------------------

Hope you get what you want. To put on normal mode 13h, use

init_graph_vga(320,200,1);

If you want to use the higher resolutions, feel free to ask if you
don't know how the plane switching work.

[ Jonas Berlin / xkr~47 ]
[ tel: +358-9-5483430 / +358-40-5884454 ]
[ Kiloberget 10 F 55, 02610 Esbo, Finland ]
[ mailto:jberlin@cc.hut.fi ]
[ http://www.hut.fi/~jberlin ]


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